July 21, 2016

Eastern Europe and Central Asia – Response to Hepatitis C Epidemic

Alliance for Public Health in collaboration with the International Treatment Preparedness Coalition (ITPCru) and more than 17 partner organizations in Eastern Europe and Central Asia (EECA) presents the third edition of the report on civil society response to the epidemic of Hepatitis C in the region.

The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of key aspects of the hepatitis C (HCV) epidemic and response in 11 EECA countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan).

It also outlines tools and activities for civil society organizations (CSOs) and community-based groups working on expanding access to HCV treatment in the region. Right now, there is a strong global movement towards elimination of the HCV epidemic. It is essential that this analysis is available to ensure that the EECA region is not left out of global strategies being developed to provide universal access to innovative curative treatment regimens currently in the pipeline.

The overview summarizes data with a focus on availability of HCV medicines, HCV treatment guidelines, national/donor HCV treatment programs, and civil society involvement in the HCV response. It also offers possible approaches and steps that could be taken by CSOs to improve access to HCV treatment in their countries.

You may find the updated report here

July 15, 2016

Alliance for Public Health activities at AIDS-2016


Alliance for Public Health (Ukraine) is implementing one of the biggest key populations response programs that reversed the pace of HIV epidemic in Ukraine. Its experience informed the development of a number of EECA programs as well as responses to drug use driven epidemics in East Africa and Asia. We will be sharing our experiences during AIDS 2016: oral presentations, workshops, poster presentations, 2 booths will be ran during the conference:


11:30 – 13:00. Oral Presentation: Leaving No One Behind – Prioritizing Key Populations. (Pavlo Smyrnov)

Place: International Conference Center (PEPFAR, pre-meeting).


12:30 – 14:30. Poster presentation: Economic analysis of effectiveness of investments in HIV prevention services among key population groups in Ukraine (Tetyana Salyuk)

Place: Poster Exhibition area, First Level (by the Arena Entrance)

14:00 – 15:00. Oral presentation followed by moderated discussion: Harm Reduction Academy learning course: How to learn the decades of experience in harm reduction in 3 weeks? (Tetyana Deshko)

Place: HIV/AIDS Alliance Exhibition Booth at AIDS 2016 (#374)

15:00 – 16:00. Oral presentation followed by moderated discussion: SyrEx Cloud: Leave the paperwork behind! Client tracking software (Pavlo Smyrnov)

Place: HIV/AIDS Alliance Exhibition Booth at AIDS 2016 (#374)

18:30 – 20:30. Oral Presentation: Leaving No One Behind: How to Bring Key Population HIV Services to Scale (Tetyana Deshko)

Place: International Conference Center, Session Room 7


9:00-10:00. Workshop “EECA Regional Platform: TA needs of PLWHA in Eastern Europe and ways to address them for better decision making”. Discussion of Assessment results (Kateryna Maksymenko).

Place: Global village: the European Networking Zone

12:30 – 14:30. Poster presentations:

· EECA Regional Platform: building regional civil society partnership for better decision making in HIV/TB response (Kateryna Maksymenko).

· Using mixed-methods to understand HIV treatment cascade among opioid agonist therapy (OAT) patients and people who inject drugs (PWIDs) in five Ukrainian cities (Alyona Mazhnaya)

Place: Poster Exhibition area, First Level (by the Arena Entrance)

12:50 – 12:55. GV Film screening. Lost Childhood: urgent response needed in order to save lives of adolescents who use drugs (Iryna Zharuk)

Place: GV Film screening room.

16:30 – 18:00. Oral Presentation: The Development and Pricing of HIV Medications and Diagnostics: Recent Controversies and Priorities for the Future (Andriy Klepikov)

Place: International Conference Center, Session Room 6.

18:00 – 20:00. Oral Presentation: Development Assistance for Health in the Age of Inequality: What does it mean for the AIDS response? (Andriy Klepikov)

Place: The Southern Sun Elangeni & Maharani, 63 Snell Parade


12:30 – 14:30. Poster presentations:

· HIV counseling and testing decreases risk of HIV seroconversion among people who inject drugs in Ukraine (Tetyana Salyuk)

· Implementation and validation of PIMA CD4 program in Ukraine (Alyona Shost)

Place: Poster Exhibition area, First Level (by the Arena Entrance)

14:30 – 16:00. Oral Presentation: Community’s Role in the Health System. (Andriy Klepikov).

Place: International Conference Center, Session Room 11.

14:00-14:45. Session “TA needs and ways to address them for better involvement of key affected communities into decision making in the area of HIV/TB response in EECA: Assessment results”. (Kateryna Maksymenko).

Place: Global Village: Global Fund Networking Zone

We will be present in 2 booths during the entire conference:

· International HIV/AIDS Alliance Exhibition Booth #374

· Alliance for Public Health, Booth №518

Join our events in Durban!

June 29, 2016

The 7th Union Europe Region Conference in Bratislava

On 22-24 June 2016, Bratislava hosted the 7th Union Europe Region Conference organized by the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. The key speakers included Marieke van der Werf (ECDC, Stockholm), Mаrio Raviglione and Knut Lonnroth (WHO, Geneva), Lee B. Reichman (New Jersey Medical School, USA), Giovanni Battista Migliori (Italy), Aksmit Timothy (USA), Martin van den Boom (WHO, Copenhagen), Viorel Soltan (PATH Center, Moldova) and others.

 Alliance for Public Health (Alliance) was represented by Andriy Klepikov, Executive Director, and Yuliya Chorna, Project Manager: TB Advocacy, who made a valuable contribution to the conference. At the session ‘Transforming and optimizing patient-centred models of TB care in countries of the former Soviet Union (FSU)’, Alliance was presented to the participants by Martin van den Boom (WHO Regional Office for Europe) as one of the partners of the TB-REP Regional Project.

On the last day of the conference, Andriy Klepikov together with Fanny Voitzwinkler, Head of EU Office of the Global Health Advocates, facilitated the final session “Road to Bratislava 2016: A Uniting Call from TB and HIV Stakeholders for European Political Leadership in the Fight against Communicable Diseases”. This session was organized by the TB Europe Coalition (TBEC) and was of a particular importance as Slovak Republic will take over the Presidency in the Council of Europe on 1 July 2016. The Executive Director of Alliance pointed out: “This is the crucial moment, when the Slovak Republic, coming from its achievements in the fight with TB, will be able to prioritize the question of ending TB in Europe.”

“Co-infection of TB, HIV, hepatitis – all those issues are associated with TB, so TB cannot be tackled alone, but addressed in comprehensive manner. Another important issue is the needs of vulnerable populations, who require all types of support to overcome the crisis situations they face”, – underlined Andriy Klepikov during the closing part of the conference.

Now there are great expectations for the leaders of the countries in the respective region to keep TB among the political priorities and to draw more attention to the issue. They need to not only ensure sufficient attention to TB at all levels, but also enhance all the available mechanisms to fight with tuberculosis and actively involve communities to overcome this problem!

June 24, 2016

Local Actions, Global Voice: The Support Don’t Punish Day of Action on 26th June 2016

Since it was launched in 2013, the Support Don’t Punish campaign has gone from strength to strength, and activists in more than 100 cities around the world will take part in the Global Day of Action on or around 26th June this year. 2016 has already been a big year for drug policy with the UN General Assembly Special Session on drugs in April, and the UN High-Level Meeting on HIV/AIDS earlier in June.

This month, a huge range of local actions, events, protests and meetings will be held as part of a global show of force calling for drug law reform – including:

· A giant mural in the centre of Melbourne, Australia, accompanied by demonstrations and a petition to government.

· A music concert in Brussels, Belgium to raise awareness of the need for drug policy reform.

· A policy dialogue with politicians, UN officials and community members in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

· Public debates and discussions on the rights of coca, poppy and marijuana farmers in Bogota, Colombia.

· Events across 12 cities in France.

· A rally and street play in Pune, India.

· A series of debates and workshops in Mauritius.

· A football match between people who use drugs and local law enforcement officials, followed by a bicycle rally in Pokhara, Nepal.

· A public march in Cape Town and an interfaith healing session with different religious leaders in Durban, South Africa.

· “Guerrilla” distribution of naloxone to those in need in London and Liverpool, UK – to highlight the need for better local policies to prevent drug-related deaths.

· A large-scale projection in New York depicting people who use drugs under the heading ‘drugs do not define me’ – as well as smaller actions in several other US cities.

The campaign team are working hard to keep the list of actions up-to-date on the  сampaign website. Please contact campaign@idpc.net if you wish to add a city to the list, or update any information.

The Support Don’t Punish campaign seeks to promote the case for drug policy reform, and to challenge existing laws and policies which impede access to harm reduction interventions – as the harms being caused by the war on drugs can no longer be ignored. The campaign includes the annual Global Day of Action, as well as an Interactive Photo Project – an online photo petition with more than 7,000 supporters from around the world. You can engage with the campaign by following us on Facebook, Twitter or on the campaign website, taking part in the 2016 Thunderclap on social media, watching and sharing our series of videos, sending in your photo for the Interactive Photo Project, taking part in your local event, or organising an action yourself!

For more information on all of this, please visit www.supportdontpunish.org.

June 24, 2016

The truth about OST you did not know!

Alliance for Public Health (hereinafter – Alliance) decided to make a contribution into marking the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, within the global Support. Don’t Punish! advocacy campaign, and inform stakeholders, governmental authorities and mass media about the real microscopic volumes of the leakage of substitution therapy drugs into the illicit market.

Opioid substitution treatment (OST) program – the biggest in the countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia – has been implemented in Ukraine for 12 years already! Today this effective and evidence-based approach to the treatment of drug dependence and prevention of the spread of HIV and hepatitis C allows 8,727 patients with chronic opioid dependence to receive treatment in 173 healthcare facilities in all regions of Ukraine, apart from temporarily occupied areas in eastern Ukraine. 7,779 patients receive methadone-based substitution therapy (with tablets or liquid methadone) and 948 patients receive buprenorphine tablets.

Over this period, there were numerous studies, which proved the effectiveness of OST. This therapy for people who use drugs is guaranteed by p. 8 art. 4 of the Law of Ukraine “On Prevention of the Spread of Diseases Associated with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Legal and Social Protection of People Living with HIV” dd. 12.12.1991 N 1972-XII and by the National Targeted Social Program on Countering HIV/AIDS in 2014-2018 approved with the Law of Ukraine dd. 20.10.2014 N 1708-VII. A series of orders of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine regulate the procedure of OST provision, volumes of the drugs to be used and control over their turnover.

Since 2005, 1,462 kg of methadone and 34.4 kg of buprenorphine were delivered to the country in accordance with the annual quotas of narcotic substances for OST approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine within the relevant National Program, which is co-implemented by Alliance for Public Health. In Ukraine, the average daily dose of methadone in OST programs is 80 mg, buprenorphine – 10 mg per patient.

One of the traditional arguments against introduction of OST, which were voiced by representatives of the previous law enforcement system, which for many years maintained strong resistance to implementation of this method of treatment at all levels, were unjustified assumptions concerning allegedly enormous volumes of the OST drugs leakage and illicit trafficking in those drugs. In previous years, such statements have been repeatedly heard from the head of one of the most corrupted departments of former militia – Department against Drug Trafficking of the Ministry of Interior of Ukraine – mostly with references to confidential “information collected” and “criminal cases initiated”.

Today Alliance decided to inform all interested parties, including current law enforcers and mass media, with the real statistics of the “leakage” of OST drugs and illicit trafficking in such drugs and show that they make an absurdly small share in the total scope of drug turnover in our country.

In the recent months, Alliance analyzed court judgments related to OST or narcotic drugs used in OST, which were entered into the Unified State Register of Court Judgments.

As a result, we identified and analyzed 333 basic and 84 associated with them court judgments on criminal cases and administrative offenses, issued during the period of almost 10 years!

The analysis showed that within those cases law enforcers documented and withdrew only 25 grams of methadone and 0.32 gram of buprenorphine, which got into the illicit market from OST programs.

Thus, the proportion of OST drugs, which leaked into the illicit market in this period of time due to various circumstances is really meager as compared to the volumes of drugs imported or procured in Ukraine during the same period: for methadone it is0.0017% and for buprenorphine – 0.00093%!

For reference, earlier in June during just one police intervention in Kherson officers of the National Police withdrew over 2 kg of illegal methadone (which is in no way related to OST programs) produced in a clandestine laboratory from an organized drug crime syndicate, which is 77 times more than the quantity of the main OST drug, which got into the illicit market in all the years of OST program implementation in Ukraine!

So we have to say that concerns of skeptics and unjustified assumptions of corrupted law enforces on the dangers of OST are in no way confirmed in practice.

By the way, arms from military warehouses, currency assets and valuables from banks or jewelry stores also sometimes fall into the wrong hands. But it seems that in those areas the scope of leakages is not that meager…


For information: This press release is issued within the global «Support. Don’t Punish!»advocacy campaign, which is marked on 26 June 2016 in over 100 cities of the world. On this day, tens of thousands of civil society activists from all over the world traditionally appeal to their governments to stop cruel and senseless policy of the War on Drugs. Official website of the campaign: http://supportdontpunish.org

Alliance for Public Health is a leading non-governmental professional organization which makes a significant impact on the epidemics of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, viral hepatitis and other socially dangerous diseases in Ukraine through providing financial and technical support to relevant programs, which cover over 280,000 members of most vulnerable populations, which is the highest indicator in Europe. Alliance traditionally takes part in «Support. Don’t Punish»! campaign. Information about last year’s event: http://www.aidsalliance.org.ua/ru/news/pdf/01-12_2015/06/Drugs_Alliance_26.06.2015_ukr.pdf

1 For comparison, according to the official data of the Supreme Court of Ukraine only in 2015 all Ukrainian courts heard 12 thousand cases related to offences in the area of trafficking in drugs, psychotropic substances, their analogues or precursors (articles 305–320 of the Criminal Code).

June 23, 2016

Final Stop of OST Program in Donetsk

June 23 2016 became the last day of OST provision in the non-controlled by Ukraine territories of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts. The last OST site, which had been still functioning in the city, was closed due to depletion of the stock of medical drugs. It was the last day when 23 HIV-positive patients received their minimum doses of methadone (5 mg). Before the military conflict, 370 patients received OST in Donetsk and Makiivka in the Donetsk oblast. According to the information available, only in Donetsk about 20 patients, most of them living with HIV, died due to the forced catastrophic reduction of the doses of OST drugs!

Detailed information about the Status of HIV/TB/HCV/OST Prevention and Treatment Programs in Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts can be found on our web-site.

June 10, 2016

Alliance Statement on “Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS”


Ukraine jointly with other nearly 200 countries at the High Level Meeting on AIDS in New York has adopted “Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS: On the Fast-Track to Accelerate the Fight against HIV and to End the AIDS Epidemic by 2030”. Alliance for Public Health (Alliance) being represented by Andriy Klepikov at the Ukrainian official delegation joins the country in endorsing the Declaration.

It sets ambitious targets for Eastern Europe and Central Asia, and Ukraine in the nearest months has to identify own targets for within the broader regional ones: reducing the number of new infections by 75% (to 44,000) and increasing the number on treatment to 1.4 million by 2020 in the EECA.

The Declaration doesn’t refer to any particular country but in fact refers to the Ukrainian successful experience acknowledging thatsome countries and regions have made significant progress in expanding health-related risk and harm reduction programmes”. Acting Minister of Health of Ukraine Viktor Shafranskiy in his speech also emphasized Ukraine’s work focusing on key affected populations and in particular people who inject drugs implemented in partnership between government and civil society. He highlighted the incredible progress Ukraine made in scaling up opioid substitution therapy.

In the Political Declaration the UN Member States emphasized the continued importance of an integrated approach to AIDS, tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C by including the following global targets:

· Reduce tuberculosis-related AIDS deaths by 75% by 2020.

· Reach 90% of all people who need tuberculosis treatment, including 90% of populations at higher risk, and achieve at least 90% treatment success by 2020.

· Reduce by 30% new cases of chronic viral hepatitis B and C by 2020.

· Treat 3 million people with chronic hepatitis C by 2020.

Political Declaration specifically lists “tailored prevention interventions, including outreach via traditional and social media and peer-led mechanisms, male and female condom programming, voluntary medical male circumcision, as well as medication assisted therapy programmes, injecting equipment programmes, pre-exposure prophylaxis for people at high risk of acquiring HIV, antiretroviral therapy, and other relevant interventions”. It pledges “to intensify efforts towards the goal of comprehensive prevention, treatment, care and support programmes that will help to significantly reduce new infections, increase life expectancy and quality of life, the promotion, protection and fulfillment of all human rights and the dignity of all people living with, at risk of, and affected by HIV and AIDS and their families”.

Nevertheless, it is important to note that endorsement of the Declaration by consensus became possible on the certain compromises. From one side, we are glad that an attempt to weaken the Declaration wording initiated by Russian Federation which intervened the negotiation process at its final stage, was not supported by other countries and was decline. From another side, there are disappointments that the Political Declaration insufficiently describes and addresses HIV epidemic among key populations, including people who inject drugs, sex workers, men who have sex with men, and transgender people. At the stage of political guiding AIDS response for the next years it is vitally important to be honest and crystal clear on the global roadmap. With this in mind a parallel with the official Political Declaration the Civil Society and Communities Declaration to End HIV: Human Rights Must Come First was adopted these days. Alliance for Public Health was among the first organizations which endorsed it. Jointly we call for the critical 10 steps necessary to make the “end of AIDS” a reality!

Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS is an eye opener on the road to ending epidemic. Communities and Civil Society Declaration helps to have both eyes opened and it’s provisions should be taken into account when implementation of Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS .

June 09, 2016

The High-Level Meeting on Ending AIDS

On June 8, 2016 UN General Assembly adopted Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS: On the Fast-Track to Accelerate the Fight against HIV and to End the AIDS Epidemic by 2030.

The important moment is that Declaration includes Harm Reduction programs as key direction of HIV prevention and point of inadequate coverage of vulnerable groups: “43: Note that some countries and regions have made significant progress in expanding health-related risk and harm reduction programmes … , yet note the lack of global progress made in reducing transmission of HIV among people who use drugs, particularly those who inject drugs, and call attention to the insufficient coverage of such programmes and substance use treatment programmes that improve adherence to HIV drug treatment services, as appropriate in the context of national programmes, the marginalization and discrimination against people who use drugs through the application of restrictive laws, particularly those who inject drugs which hamper access to HIV-related services, and in that regard, consider ensuring access to such interventions including in treatment and outreach services, prisons … and note with concern that gender-based and age-based stigma and discrimination often act as addition all barriers for women and for young people who use drugs, particularly those who inject drugs, to access services”.

This important political action took place in the framework of The High-Level Meeting on Ending AIDS(June 8 -10, UN General Assembly). The main aim of the Meeting is to focus the world’s attention on the importance of a Fast-Track approach to the AIDS response over the next five years.

Alliance for Public Health is represented by Andriy Klepikov, Executive Director and Anton Basenko, Senior Program Officer, who represents also HLM Stakeholders Task Force.

уOn June 7th Andriy Klepikov presented at the High-Level Meeting Side Event “Action on Extreme Poverty and Inequality to End AIDS: Addressing HIV, Poverty, and Inequality in Urban Settings to End AIDS.”

The session was co-chaired by Charles King, President and CEO, Housing Works, Ambassador Deborah Birx, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator andLuiz Loures, Deputy Executive Director, UNAIDS.

City of Kyiv was selected as a site for the demonstration project for the Fast-track cities approach. Address from the City Major VitaliyKlitschko emonstrated his firm commitment leadership.

Alliance for Public Health with support of international donors providing the most substantial support to fight HIV and TB epidemics in Kyiv. Andriy Klepikov presented the civil society perspective of making Kyiv the fast- track city. At the same session Olga Gvozdetska presented the work of All-Ukrainian Network of People Living with HIV and its collaboration with the Major’s office.

On June 8 Andriy Klepikov participated in the special session “Ending TB deaths among people living with HIV: Time for action”. The overall aim of the side-event is to catalyse and intensify efforts in the response to end TB deaths among people living with HIV through firm political commitment, strong country ownership and adequate investments. It is also intended to highlight and bring into focus the problem of HIV-associated TB at the HLM as well as to provide a platform to elicit actions that will transform the implementation of policies and strategies.

The session was chaired by Eric Goosby, Secretary Genersl Special Envoy on TBand raised great interest, Aaron Motsoaledi, Minister of Health of South Africa and Isaak Adewole, Minister of Health of Nigeria presented at the session, as well as Ren Minghui, WHO, Mark Dybul, the Global Fund, Ariel Pablos-Mendez, USAID, Deborah Birx, PEPFAR, Lucica Ditu, Stop TB Partnership, Michel Kazatchkine, Special Envoy of Secretary General on AIDS in EECA presented at the meeting.

Andriy Klepikov in his comments emphasize importance of harmonizing more TB and HIV response, especially in moving forward new initiatives such as Fast track cities: “We cannot allow ourselves be fast on HIV and slow on

May 30, 2016

23-28 May Geneva hosted 69th World Health Assembly

From 23 to 28 May Geneva (Switzerland) hosted 69th World Health Assembly, which is the supreme governing body of the World Health Organization (WHO) and makes strategic decisions at the international level. During the session, members of all WHO member statesapproved strategies on key healthcare issues, in particular infectious diseases: HIV, Viral Hepatitis, Sexually Transmitted Infections and other socially dangerous diseases (http://www.who.int/mediacentre/events/2016/wha69/ru/).

This year, the first Global Health Sector Strategy to Eliminate Viral Hepatitis by 2030 was approved. The draft strategy was developed with involvement of the representatives ofdifferent countries, based on the best practices and national models of response to viral hepatitis. If the implementing countries are able to ensure its implementation, it will help save over 7 million lives. For Ukraine it will mean approval of rather ambitious goals oneliminating viral hepatitis B and C by the end of 2030, which include, in particular, 90% ofdiagnosed cases of chronic hepatitis C and 80% of people covered with hepatitis C treatment.It is also important to point out hepatitis B vaccination – by 2030 its coverage should be 90%,including vaccination of newborns.

Ludmila Maistat, Senior Program Manager: Hepatitis, Alliance for Public Health, took part inthe activities of the WHO Strategic and Technical Advisory Committee for Viral Hepatitis (STAC-HEP), which was responsible for the development of the Global Strategy. It is good torealize that the Alliance expertise in implementation of the treatment program forvulnerable populations, which has been in place in Ukraine for over twelve months with 92%treatment success, has also been used to develop the Strategy.

May 24, 2016

Harm Reduction Training for the National Police in Zaporizhia

On May 21, Alliance for Public Health (Alliance) together with Zaporizhia branch of the Network of PLWH held a training “National Police, Harm Reduction and Human Rights” for officers of the regional unit of the Department for Countering Drug-Related Crime of the National Police of Ukraine of the Main Administration of the National Police in Zaporizhia oblast (covering Dnipropetrovsk and Zaporizhia oblasts).

Alliance in partnership with Law Enforcement and HIV Network (LEAHN) continues conducting educational activities to raise the level of awareness of people working in the National Police on the need to respect human rights of the participants of harm reduction/HIV prevention programs. Earlier, similar training events have already been held in Lviv, Kharkiv and Vinnytsia oblasts.

During the one-day training, the participants were familiarized with national legislation and international recommendations, justifying the need in and the importance of harm reduction and opioid substitution treatment (OST) programs, and also with the important medical components. From Alliance, the training was held by Tamara Tretska, OST Program Manager. The training was also attended by drug treatment doctor Denis Chepelkin; representatives of Zaporizhia office of the Network of PLWH – Director of the organization Ihor Lytvyn, Head of Prevention Programs Halyna Azarova and Head of Advocacy Anna Tulupova.

On the eve of the training, Alliance received a copy of an unlawful official request to disclose personal data of all drug dependent people who are registered in Zakarpattia oblast. Thus, training participants had a chance to review this impudent violation of the current laws in order to prevent similar violations in terms of access to personal data and violation of the rights of drug dependent people, including OST patients. During the intensive discussion, the participants asked a lot of questions on the examples of practical use of the updated regulations, in particular on the delivery of OST drugs based on prescriptions or directly to patients as well as related to storing, transporting and otherwise handling OST drugs. Those questions were answered by trainers and experts.

One of the speakers was the regional representative of the Association of Substitution Treatment Advocates of Ukraine (ASTAU), Denys Korshunov, who spoke about the positive impact of the increased access to OST for drug users on the improvement of the criminal situation in the region.

All the participants received certificates upon training completion.